The foods of Afghanistan Afghan cuisine is largely based upon the nation's chief crops, such as wheat, corn, barley and rice. Accompanying these staples are native fruits and vegetables as well as dairy products such as milk, yogurt Doogh and whey. Kabuli palaw is the national dish of Afghanistan. The nation's culinary specialties reflect its ethnic and geographic diversity. Afghanistan is known for its high quality pomegranates, grapes, and sweet, Rugby-football shaped melons.